Type: Short Necked > Lute > Chordophone.
Region: Peru > South America.
Dimensions: Scale Length cm.
Manufacturer: Bellidos E. Hijos, De Jorge.
Manufacturing Date: 1954.
Acquisition Source: Rene Hugo Sanchez, Trip to Peru.
The bandurria is a plucked short-necked lute and a
member of the chordophone family of musical instruments. It has its
origins in the Iberian peninsula in Spain and its close relatives are
the bandolla, bandolin, laud and the mandolin and cittern. The term
bandurria comes from the text "Libro De Buen Amor [the book of good
love] a manuscript by Juan Ruiz [b. 1283 - d. 1350]. The bandurria was
widely distributed from Latin America, South America and to the
Bandurria in Peru:
The bandurria often accompanied a dance called
"zapateo" that made its way from Spain to Cuba to Latin America. During
colonial times the bandurria occupied a predominant role in the
Afro-Peruvian communities in Lima, and near by Coastal Peru. Today in
Peru the bandurria has a strong presence in Cuzco and in Apurimac
regions of Peru.
Variations of Bandurria:
In Peru one would find the bandurria to
have the strings arranged in 12, 14, 16 or 20 courses. A much larger
type of bandurria called a marimacho bandurria. It is found only in the
city of Cusco and its department and played as a soloists instrument. In
Spanish the word "marimacho" translates into "hermaphrodite". The
marimacho bandurria is tuned a fifth below from.