Name: Bandurria.

Type: Lute > Chordophone.

Region: Many > Peru > South America.

Dimensions: Scale Length

Manufacturer: Bellidos E Hijos, De Jorge.

Manufacturing Date: 1954.

Acquisition Date:

Acquisition Source: Peru > Rene Hugo Sanchez.

Description: The bandurria is a plucked short-necked lute and a member of the chordophone family of musical instruments. It has its origins in the Iberian peninsula in Spain and its close relatives are the bandolla, bandolin, laud and the mandolin and cittern. The term bandurria comes from the text "Libro De Buen Amor [the book of good love] a manuscript by Juan Ruiz [b. 1283 – d. 1350]. The bandurria was widely distributed from Latin America, South America and to the Philippines.

The Bandurria in Peru: The bandurria often accompanied a dance called the "zapateo" that made its way from Spain to Cuba to Latin America. During colonial times the bandurria occupied a predominant role in the Afro-Peruvian communities in Lima, and near by Coastal Peru. Today in Peru the bandurria has a strong presence in Cuzco and in Apurimac regions of Peru. In Peru one would find the bandurria to have the strings arranged in 12, 14, 16 or 20 courses. During the 1800s the bandurria was played in the coast of Peru. Soon the bandurria started migrating inwards to the Andean mountains particularly in Cusco. A much larger type of bandurria called a marimacho bandurria it is found only in the city of Cusco and its department. In Spanish the word “marimacho” translates into “hermaphrodite”. The marimacho bandurria is tuned a fifth below from the prima bandurrias and it is considered a soloists instrument.






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