Lute > Chordophone.
Many > Peru > South America.
E Hijos, De Jorge.
Source: Peru > Rene Hugo Sanchez.
The bandurria is a
plucked short-necked lute and a member of the chordophone family
of musical instruments. It has its origins in the Iberian
peninsula in Spain and its close relatives are the bandolla,
bandolin, laud and the mandolin and cittern. The term bandurria
comes from the text "Libro De Buen Amor [the book of good love]
a manuscript by Juan Ruiz [b. 1283 – d. 1350]. The bandurria was
widely distributed from Latin America, South America and to the
Bandurria in Peru: The
bandurria often accompanied a dance called the "zapateo" that
made its way from Spain to Cuba to Latin America. During
colonial times the bandurria occupied a predominant role in the
Afro-Peruvian communities in Lima, and near by Coastal Peru.
Today in Peru the bandurria has a strong presence in Cuzco and
in Apurimac regions of Peru. In Peru one would find the
bandurria to have the strings arranged in 12, 14, 16 or 20
courses. During the 1800s the bandurria was played in the coast
of Peru. Soon the bandurria started migrating inwards to the
Andean mountains particularly in Cusco. A much larger type of
bandurria called a marimacho bandurria it is found only in the
city of Cusco and its department. In Spanish the word
“marimacho” translates into “hermaphrodite”. The marimacho
bandurria is tuned a fifth below from the prima bandurrias and
it is considered a soloists instrument.