Lute > Chordophone.
Many > Peru > South America.
Scale length cm.
E. Hijos, De Jorge.
Source: Peru > Rene Hugo Sanchez.
The bandurria is a
plucked short-necked lute and a member of the chordophone family
of musical instruments. It has its origins in the Iberian
peninsula in Spain and its close relatives are the bandolla,
bandolin, laud and the mandolin and cittern. The term bandurria
comes from the text "Libro De Buen Amor [the book of good love]
a manuscript by Juan Ruiz [b. 1283 - d. 1350]. The bandurria was
widely distributed from Latin America, South America and to the
in Peru: The bandurria often accompanied a dance called
"zapateo" that made its way from Spain to Cuba to Latin America.
During colonial times the bandurria occupied a predominant role
in the Afro-Peruvian communities in Lima, and near by Coastal
Peru. Today in Peru the bandurria has a strong presence in Cuzco
and in Apurimac regions of Peru. In Peru one would find the
bandurria to have the strings arranged in 12, 14, 16 or 20
courses. A much larger type of bandurria called a marimacho
bandurria. It is found only in the city of Cusco and its
department and played as a soloists instrument. In Spanish the
word "marimacho" translates into "hermaphrodite". The marimacho
bandurria is tuned a fifth below from.