Name: Bulbul Tarang.
Type: Zither > Chordophone.
Region: Many > India > South East Asia.
Tuning: In C (all strings are tuned in unison, the same
Dimensions: L \ W cm.
The bubul tarang [Hindi: बुलबुल तरंग / Punjabi: بلبل
ترنگ Shahmukhi] is a zither, that is very popular in South Asia
including the Maldives. It is spread as far as Zanzibar where the name
of the instrument "taishokoto and Indonesia under a different name
"Mandilu". Originally invented in Japan under the name "Taisho goto"
during the 1930's. Some time shortly after its arrival, two types
emerged in South Asia one having a piano like keyboard and the other
having a type writer like keyboard. The strings are tuned in unison and
an octave apart usually to C or what ever pitch that suites the piece
A similar instrument called the "benju" [borrowing of the word "banjo"]
is popular in boarder regions on the Indian and Pakistani boarder in
Baluchistan, Sindh is descendant from a similar zither called an
akkordolia. In the village of Telaga Waru, Pringgbaya County, East
Lombok Indonesia the bulbul tarang is called mandilu.
This instrument is built in the same manner as the
taisho-goto although available either with a type writer keyboard
arrangement or piano keyboard configuration. The sound body is quite
hollow, underneath the strings, frets are installed in a chromatic
scale. Each key when pressed covers all the strings at the same time
producing the desired pitch.
Society for Asian Music (1993). Society for Asian
Music. Retrieved 17 April 2012. - toy Taisho Koto, probably first
imported into India in the 1930s, which has caught on both in India and
Pakistan and become a legitimate instrument, now called bulbul tarang
(the nightingale's cascading voice) or banjo. > Article on the
mandilu by Palmer Keen on his blog "Aural Archipelago".