Type: Long Necked > Lute > Chordophone.
Region: Greece > Mediterranean.
The bulgari (in Greek; μπουλγαρ) it is a long necked
lute and a member of the chordophone family of musical instruments. It
is plucked lute that is played with a plectrum. Similar in over all
appearance to the baglama although accept the neck is shorter in length.
It is also closely related to the tzouras. It first appeared towards the
end of the 18th century and became well-known after 1915 through the
Greeks of Asia Minor. It was mainly played in Rethimno during the
mid-war and owes its popularity to Stelio Foustalieri.
It is rarely come across in Crete today. The French musicologist William
André Villoteau mentioned in his journal an instrument with two strings
existing in Cairo called the tanbour boulghari or bulgarie. The bulgari
proceeded to implant itself into Greek culture through Crete when
refugees came from Anatolia in 1920, although a type of bulgari seems to
have existed in the 19th-century among Christian and Muslim populations.
This instrument can be tuned to the same tunings employed by the saz A D
G / D A D etc.