Name: Bulgari.

Type: Long Necked > Lute > Chordophone.

Region: Greece > Mediterranean.

Description: The bulgari (in Greek; μπουλγαρ) it is a long necked lute and a member of the chordophone family of musical instruments. It is plucked lute that is played with a plectrum. Similar in over all appearance to the baglama although accept the neck is shorter in length. It is also closely related to the tzouras. It first appeared towards the end of the 18th century and became well-known after 1915 through the Greeks of Asia Minor. It was mainly played in Rethimno during the mid-war and owes its popularity to Stelio Foustalieri.

It is rarely come across in Crete today. The French musicologist William André Villoteau mentioned in his journal an instrument with two strings existing in Cairo called the tanbour boulghari or bulgarie. The bulgari proceeded to implant itself into Greek culture through Crete when refugees came from Anatolia in 1920, although a type of bulgari seems to have existed in the 19th-century among Christian and Muslim populations. This instrument can be tuned to the same tunings employed by the saz A D G / D A D etc.