Lute > Chordophone.
Europe > India > South Asia.
Not to be confused with the European mandolin,
this particular mandolin is a recent introduction to Carnatic (South
Indian) Classical music. This variety of mandolin has more in common
with an electric "octave guitar" rather then its European counter part.
Popularized by the recently late U. Surinivas (b. 1969-02-28 d.
2014-09-19) since the introduction the popularity of this instrument is
growing. The strings and the neck of this particular instrument were
changed from the conventional eight stringed instrument to having a more
guitar like five stringed instrument tuned in a Sa Pa Sa usually in
fifths, C G C G C.
Mandolin in Hindustani Music:
Along with other western musical instruments, the European mandolin was
originally introduced by the British some time in 1800-1900s. In
Hindustani Classical music the mandolin
retained its shape and sound,
Tunings may differ from the standard E A D G or C G D A depending on the
raga performed. Sugato Bhaduri, from Calcutta India performs with a
Tunings as used in India
C G C
||E A D G
||C G D A