Flute > Aerophone.
China > Far East Asia.
Three in collection.
Source: For the specimen in the photo, is from Randy
Raine-Reusch. My other specimens were found in Chinatown, Vancouver.
dizi is a transverse bamboo flute, it is a member of the aerophone
family of musical instruments. According to the Chinese system of
classification the dizi is considered one of the major musical
instruments in the bamboo category. The dizi is one of the
principle instruments played in Chinese folk, classical and opera.
In ancient times the dizi was known as “hengchui” or “hengdi”.
differing accounts of the origin of the dizi do exist.
During the reign of Emperor Wudi (141 BC-87 BC). It is
debated whether the dizi may have been imported into the Han
Dynasty (206 BCE-220 CE). Archeological digs in the Hubei
province have revealed these specimens of dizi were hand
carved from bone, they were proven to be quite playable
despite their age of 8,000 years. The name “gudi” is applied
to the bone flutes.
Recently archeologists discovered evidence of simple transverse
flutes, although they lack the distinctive mokong have been present
in China for over 9,000 years. Fragments of bone flutes are still
playable today and remarkably similar to the modern dizi in terms of
whole placement. The Jiahu neolithic site in central Henan province
of China has yielded flutes dating back to 7,000 BC - 5,000 BC. A
bamboo dizi dating back to the 2nd century has been found. The name
“gudi” is applied to the bone flutes.
In the 1930's, an 11-hole fully chromatic version of the dizi was
created. Pitched in the same range as the western flute, the dizi's
extra tone holes prevent the effective use of the membrane,
therefore this instrument lacks the inherent timbre of the
traditional dizi family. The bangdi and qudi, they are pitched a
fourth apart, although the bangdi is the most prominent. Other
varieties of dizi include the xiaodi or gaoyindi. The dadi or
diyindi are pitched a fifth lower then the qudi. The deidi diyendadi
are pitched an octave lower then the qudi.