> Middle East > North Africa & Balkans.
at head cm.
Source: Tom Lee
Music Booth, Vancouver Folk Festival.
doumbek is a goblet shaped percussion instrument classified as a
membranophone. The distribution of this instrument is quite wide with
in the Middle East, North Africa, the Mediterranean and the Balkans.
The doumbek also is known under numerous different names including
darabuke, darabuka, tarambuka (in Bosnia) or “zarb-e-ghali” in
Afghanistan. The name doumbek has its origins from the Arabic word
“darba” which means “to strike”.
The origins of the doumbek remain unclear; and it was likely
introduced into Egypt since it has not been identified on the
hieroglyphics or artwork in the pyramids. In Upper Egypt the folk
musicians and Nile boatman call their form of dumbek a “hoqa”.
Andalusian musicians from Morocco and Algeria play a form of dumbek
called a “derbocka”.
Playing Techniques: Of the dumbek do vary from region to
region. It maybe struck with both hands or in Turkey, Bulgaria and
Egypt it is often struck with a small stick held in the left hands.
The popularity of the dumbek is second to the djembe in world music,
fusion, avantgarde, rock, jazz and other musics.
the the body of the doumbek is made of clay. The membrane was
usually fish skin, or animal hide stretched over the top surface.
Currently, doumbeks are made from from spun aluminum or other
materials, their membrane is usually a synthetic plastic surface. In
Egypt the doumbeks are often very ornate.