Type: Long Necked Lute > Chordophone.
Region: Turkestan or Xinjiang China > Central Asia.
Dimensions: Scale Length cm.
Acquisition Date: Circa 1998.
Acquisition Source: Clarion Music, San Francisco USA.
Description: The dutar hence its name. It is is a two stringed long necked lute and a member of the chordophone family. This lute is found through out Central Asia, in Uzbekistan, Turkistan, Turkmenistan, Tajikistan and Afghanistan.
The Name: In Farsi the name "du-tar" translates "du" meaning "two" and "tar" meaning "strings". The name dutar as spellled in several languages [Persian: دوتار, Tajik: дутор, Uyghur: دۇتتار, Дуттар, ULY: Duttar, Uzbek: dutor, Chinese: 都塔尔] In Arabic originally the "tar" means "drum". The dutar was depicted by the works of Al Farabi. The dutar is considered a close cousin to the tanbur-e-khorosan.
Repertoire: The dutar is played by musicians for folk, regional music and classical music the "On Ikki Maqam" or the 12-maqam a huge repertoire of Uighur classical music. Among the Uighur people the dutar is a very popular instrument, and is found in many Uighur house-holds. In the 20th century the dutar is often found in Uighur classical ensembles to full fledged orchestras. In Turkistan almost every Uighur family would have a dutar present in their home. Several sizes of the dutar are available.
Construction: The Uigur dutar has approximately 14 staves and a sound board to complete the body. The body and neck are often assembled separately. Uigur dutar are usually assembled with tied nylon frets often adjusted something akin to a diatonic scale. Uigur dutar have up to 15 tied nylon frets. Uigur dutar's and musical instruments are usually very ornate in their craftsman ship consisting of multi-coloured bone inlay.