Name: Koni or K'ni.

Type: Bowed > Chordophone.

Region: Vietnam > South East Asia.

Dimensions: Scale Length cm.

Acquisition Date: 2006.08.27.

Acquisition Source: Vietnam > Randy Raine-Reusch.

Description: The khoni or k'ni is a bowed instrument and a member of the chordophone family unique to Vietnam. The origins of the khoni are likely from a single stringed bowed instrument called an "abrel" who is played by the Jarai, Bahnar, Ede, Xe Dang, Pako and Hre ethnic groups. The current form of the Khoni was revived by the Hanoi Conservatory of Music and is used only by a very small number of musicians.

Playing Techniques: In playing the khoni the musician holds a metallic or plastic disc just behind their teeth, this forms the acoustic chamber that produces the sound. The khoni is held vertically in between the left and right knees for support. Vibrato and note bending are achieved by the tongue coming into contact and occasionally bending the strings.

The khoni is made up from a hand carved wooden body, on my specimen two metal strings are attached with a screw near the bottom of the instrument. For the two strings I use the bottom B and E electric guitar strings. Two friction tuning pegs are affixed near the top of the instrument. A single thread is attached to a metal disc for resonance. The theme of the khoni is ornamental in the form of a lily.

Citations: online resources (koni article by Randy Raine-Reusch @