Type: Short Necked Lute > Chordophone.

Regions: Many > Middle East & North Africa.

Dimensions: Scale Length cm.

Acquisition Date: Circa 1998.

Acquisition Source: Lark In The Morning.

Description: The oud is a short necked lute and considered a primary musical instrument through out the Arab world, Somalia, Djibouti and North Africa. It is also played in Iran under the name barbat in Armenia, Azerbaijan, ud in Turkey and Greece (outi). Considered a direct descendant to European lutes whose name derived from Al 'ud (the lute). This instrument is considered the king instrument through out the Middle East. The oud has traveled far and wide and though out to Asia.

Oud Tunings
Yen akort Turkey A B E A D G

Turkey E A B E A D

Turkey E A# B E A D

Turkey E F# B E A D

Syria C E A D G C

Arabic D G A D G C

Arabic D E A D G C
Bachir Iraq F C D G C F

Construction: The components of the oud include the body, neck, tuning pegs, peg box. As a short necked lute the oud differs in design considerably from its long necked counter parts (saz, bouzouki, baglama). The length of the neck may vary according to region usually between 18 cm 20.5 cm. The neck is created as a separate piece from the body. The neck and body are joined together during the manufacturing process.

The body is usually assembled from 16 to 21 staves. Most ouds usually have 10 paired strings and one single bass string (bam). The staves are bent and glued over a frame which allows the completion of the body when glued to the top surface. One or three sound holes are cut in. The length of the oud may vary although they are approximately 80 cm.