Name: Facil Kamenche (Turkish) > Politiki Lyra (in
Type: Bowed > Chordophone.
Region: Many > Turkey > Black Sea > Caucasus.
Dimensions: Scale Length cm.
Tuning: G D A.
Acquisition Source: Ian MacKenzie (trip to Turkey).
The name “kamencheh” applies to a variety of bowed
instruments from the Black Sea region to the Caucasus. The kamencheh as
mentioned here is called a “facil kamencheh” or "Politiki Lyra" in
Greek. Classified as a “box-shaped lute” 321.322) in the
Hornbostel–Sachs system. Closely related instruments include the Pontic
or Politiki Lyra. Primary differences between the Persian kamencheh and
the facil kamencheh not only includes profile, shape, body, tone, bowing
technique, tuning and string placement. Other bowed instruments have
names sharing the same Persian etymology include the kamancheh (or Kabak
kemane in Turkish), a spike lute (321.31) and the Cappadocian
kemane, an instrument closely related to the kemenche of the Black Sea
with added sympathetic strings.