Name: Queña

Type: Knotched > End blown Flute > Aerophone.

Region: Peru > Bolivia > South America.


Acquisition Source: Several.

Description: The queña is a flute of pre-Colombian origins. It one of the main principle flutes played among the Inca and Aymara peoples. It is widely found throughout Peru, Bolivia, Ecuador and in North Western Chile and North Western Argentina. Evidence of the use of the notched flutes is documented on black and white pottery artwork from the Chavin culture [900-200 B.C.] and the coastal Cavay culture [1300-1438] of Peru.

Early History: During pre-Colombian times, the Queña was accompanied by other wind and percussion instruments. Since the arrival of the stringed instruments. The Queña is featured as a lead or solo instrument usually performed by the lead musician who may also be a vocalist and charanguista (charango player) or other members of the conjunto (ensemble).

Construction: Today Queña are made from wide variety of different materials including condor or other animal bone, bamboo, cane, tin, aluminum, or even copper gold alloy among high end custom flutes.




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