Type: Knotched > End blown Flute > Aerophone.
Region: Peru > Bolivia > South America.
Acquisition Source: Several.
The queña is a flute of pre-Colombian origins. It
one of the main principle flutes played among the Inca and Aymara
peoples. It is widely found throughout Peru, Bolivia, Ecuador and in
North Western Chile and North Western Argentina. Evidence of the use of
the notched flutes is documented on black and white pottery artwork from
the Chavin culture [900-200 B.C.] and the coastal Cavay culture
[1300-1438] of Peru.
During pre-Colombian times, the Queña was
accompanied by other wind and percussion instruments. Since the arrival
of the stringed instruments. The Queña is featured as a lead or solo
instrument usually performed by the lead musician who may also be a
vocalist and charanguista (charango player) or other members of the
Today Queña are made from wide variety of different
materials including condor or other animal bone, bamboo, cane, tin,
aluminum, or even copper gold alloy among high end custom flutes.