Type: Lute > Chordophone.
Regions: Many > Afghanistan > Central & South Asia.
Dimensions: Scale Length .
Description: The Afghani rebab is a short necked wedge-shaped lute. Having five playing strings and up to 15 sympathetic strings that are occasionally plucked when playing although resonate through the vibrations from the playing strings. This instrument is widely distributed through Central and South Asia.
The rebab is also quite popular in neighbouring Kashmir, Sindh, Punjab and Baluchistan. In Central Asia similar variants of the rebab are played in Uzbekistan and Tajikistan. Pashtuni rebab's are some what smaller the larger rebabs are played in art music. Direct descendants of this instrument include both the sursingar and sarode.
Construction: The Afghani rebab is a plucked short necked lute whose body and neck are carved from a single piece of wood often of mulberry. In creating resonance chamber a membrane of goat skin is stretched over the body. Three moveable frets of nylon fishing line are tied in a chromatic scale on the neck. Afghani rebab's are highly ornamental usually decorated with mother-of-Perl or bone inlay. A moveable bridge rests in between the playing and sympathetic strings and membrane. The bridge its self is made from horn, holes are drilled just underneath the top for the sympathetic strings.
Citations: The New Grove Dictionary
of Music by Stanley Sadie - Page 182 Rabab.