Type: Frame Drum > Percussion.
Region: Nigeria > West Africa.
Acquisition Date: Circa year 2007.
Acquisition Source: 1000 Villages, Vancouver Canada.
The sakara is a circular fame drum having a shallow depth that is found
in Nigeria. It is played by the Yoruba and the Hausa peoples. In the
Yoruba culture the sakara used for a wide variety of purposes. The
sakara is played in wedding ceremonies or among other functions a king
could summon his subjects to court. The sakara is also used to
broadcast messages and to offer prayers. Traditional "Were music" is
played on the sakara to call Muslims to Ramadan. Sakara drums are often
played together in a poly-rhythmic voice. This is to achieve a chord
like effect in the rhythmic cycles. In the Yoruba culture the men would
make the sakara. The assembly of the sakara would begin with a clay
ring who is made separately. Then a group of three sticks and the hide
skin often of goat. Three pegs are inserted first into the drum's skin
and body. This is achieved only with great delicate care not to break
the clay ring while it is under tension. The sakara has a total of 10
pegs. Then the pitch of the sakara is adjusting the pegs by carefully
pushing them inwards. The pegs are chosen with care from a hard wood
tree, they are selected for durability and long lasting strength. The
sakara often come in many sizes.
Google article ' scanned chapter of book' Percussion Instruments and their history
> Rattray R. S. Ashanti Claridon Press, Oxford 1923 P. 259.