Name: Saz.

Type: Long Necked Lute > Chordophone.

Regions: Many > Turkey > Azerbaijan > Middle East.

Dimensions: Scale Length .

Acquisition Date: Circa 1995.

Acquisition Source: Lark In The Morning, Seattle USA.

Description: The Anatolian saz is a long necked lute and a member of the chordophone family. The distribution of this instrument is quite vast from Turkey, Azerbaijan, Armenia, Azeri province of North Western Iran, Greece under the name sazi and in Bosnia Herzegovina. Owing its origins to the chugur a likely candidate. In Turkey the saz is used to accompany bardic stories, epic poems, regional folk songs and recently in popular music.

In the 11'th century the kopuz was the favoured instrument among the ozan (minstrels). The ozan have their origins from the Oguz who were Turkic tribes of South West and Central Asia. The name baglama has its origins from the words 'tied' frets (bag) and 'knot' (baglamak). The tied frets originally of copper wire today they are currently nylon. These moveable frets allow the musicians to configure the scales that contain quarter tones. Playing the saz involved the use of a cherry bark plectrum although plastic plectrums are more common.

Types of Saz: From the smallest instrument of this family is the Üçtelli saz. The cura saz comes second in place. The baglama saz is one of the primary instruments in both urban rural settings. In urban centres both the cura and baglama saz are widely used in ensembles. Some ensembles may even incorporate the diven meyden saz, a type of large bass saz.

Construction: The saz is made with a long neck often of pine and the body or "Tekne" is either carved from a single tree trunk of the correct and desired size as is with my cura saz. Bodies are constructed from staves and a frame. The frets are tied on and are of nylon fishing line of a thin gauge, this is so the frets can be moved around desired scale for desired tuning and so on. The strings are called "Telier", the bridge is called "Ait Estgik"