Type: Bowed > Chordophone.
Region: Inner Mongolia > China > Far East Asia.
Description: [in Chinese: 四胡; in pinyin: sÍhu] known as a ᠬᠤᠭᠤᠴᠢᠷ / Хуучир / Khuuchir in Mongolia. The instrument's name comes from the words (四, meaning "four" in Chinese, referring to the instrument's number of strings) and hu (胡, short for huqin, the family of instruments of which the sihu is a member). Several sizes of si hu exist each of which are tuned a fifth apart. Another similar instrument exists in Tuva the byzanchi.
Repertoire: The sihu is played predominantly in Inner Mongolia but also central in several Chinese genres including Beijing dagu, plum blossom dagu, xihe dagu, Tianjin new tunes, Shandong qin su. North East dagu duet, lucky play, Beijing Opera derived drama from ballads, Hebei pi ying (shadow theater) and Henan erjiaxian, traditional entertainment involving talking, singing and drama.
Tunings: The lowest of these is generally tuned C, C, G, G; the medium size is tuned G, G, D, D and the smallest size is tuned D, D, A, A.
The body of the sihu is constructed of metal
Citations: New Grove Dictionary of Music by Stanley Sadie > Sihu Article from cultural-china.com.