Lute > Chordophone.
> South Asia.
instrument is a student sitar.
Length 89 cm.
The sitar is a long-necked plucked lute. It is one
of the most predominant instruments played through out the Indian
Sub-continent and including its close neighbours Pakistan, Nepal,
Bangladesh and Afghanistan. The name sitar comes from two Persian words
the first being (Seh) meaning three and (Tar) meaning strings. The
closest relatives to the sitar are the Central Asian tanbur and dutar.
The current consensus for the origins of the sitar,
could be traced back to a lute called the tanburah (c. 1590) during the
Delhi sultanate (1206-1526) according to Abul Fazl's account. The
current recognizable form of the sitar as we know it today has its
origins in the 1700's during the Moghul Empire. Since then Empire the
sitar evolved as a soloists instrument. There is a modern view, based on
a theory that the name of the musical instrument “trikantrika vina” a
three stringed chordophone which was altered by the Muslims during the
middle ages. Although during this time lutes were nonexistent.
C' G C C F
G' C X F
Sitars are primarily tuned in C, C# or D sometimes they
maybe tuned to a lower B depending on the scale length of the
instrument. For the Vilayat Khan sitar tuning X denotes Sa (C) 2nd
string is removed.
The exposure of the sitar in the west primarily in
North America and Europe, was in large part to Pt. Ravi Shankar and
George Harrison although soon after Pandit Vilayat Khan also contributed
to the popularity of the sitar world wide. The Beatles featured the
instrument in their compositions including Norwegian wood / The bird has
flown, With in you with out you, Tomorrow never knows and Love you to.
Brian Jones of the Rolling Stones also played the sitar in the song
Paint it Black. From the 1960's to the 1970's the sitar was often
included in rock recordings predominantly in psychedelic and progressive
New Grove Dictionary of Music by Stanley Sadie
Pages 392-394 (Sitar). Abu'l Fazl: Ain-I-akhbari (c1590) translation by
H. Blochmann in, The Imperial Musicians (Calcutta, 1873, 2/1927) 680ff
translation H. Jarrett, rev J. Sarkar in Sangit, Bibliotheica indica,
cclxx (Calcutta, 1948). 260ff. Pratap Sing, compiler; sangit-sar (Jaipur
c1800) ed. Poona Gayan Samaj (Poona, 1910-12) [in Hindi]. S. M. Tagore
Hindu Music from Various Authors (Calcutta 1875, 2 1882/R1965).