Name: Sursingar.

Type: Fretless > Lute > Chordophone.

Region: India > South Asia.

The sursingar is a fretless plucked lute that made its appearance in the 19th to 20th centuries. The sursingar is extinct nowadays although there are a couple musicians who performed on it notably Baba Allaudin Khan (the guru of Ravi Shankar). The sursingar was primarily used to play the "alap" of the raga. The performer then would switch to another instrument depending on repertoire. This instrument is usually available through custom orders as there are a couple performers playing this instrument today.

Construction: The body of the instrument is made of wood unlike its later derivative the sarode. Both of these instruments share their origins with the rebab. Like the sarode friction tuning pegs are mounted to the head stock and the the fingerboard is cut and polished from sheet metal like its sarode counter part. Four main playing strings and four chikari (rhythmic drone) strings who are usually made of brass instead of gut on earlier instruments. These modifications resulted in the increase of resonance.