Type: Shiraz Tar >
Rebab > Chordophone.
Many > Iran > Central Asia & Caucasus.
Dimensions: Length of
The tar [in farsi تار
] is a plucked long necked instrument that is shared among numerous
cultures through out Iran, Central Asia, Caucasus (Azerbaijan, Georgia,
Armenia) and Turkey. Owing much to the 19th century performances of Ali
Akbar and Hoseyn Qoli. The tar is a relatively young instrument;
although the Shiraz tar is the older of the two instruments. This
instrument exists in two forms the Shiraz tar as being discussed here
and the Ghafghaz tar.
The tar belongs to the rebab family of musical
instruments both of which share common feature; that is the rebab family
of instruments have a membrane stretched over the body. The body and
neck of the Shiraz tar are constructed from mulberry wood. The tar has a
wasted body shaped like a figure eight.
The membrane is usually of sturgeon or lamb-skin. Bone usually covers
the fingerboard. The Persian tar has 6 strings each being a paired
course of three strings. The strings are steel and brass although of
very thin diameters. 25 moveable frets are tied on to the neck. They
divide the octave into 15 micro-tones. A thin small moveable bridge of
goat horn rests in between the strings and membrane. A plectrum of brass
and wax is used as it allows for very subtle
techniques when playing the tar.
The New Grove Dictionary of Musical Instruments by
Stanley Sadie - Page 526 Tar. Farabisoft.com
/ Tar (Article)